Mishnah is a codex of the Oral Law, a summary of the traditions and creativity of the Tanna’im, the Sages who lived from the Second Temple era until the time of Rabbi Judah the Prince (Rebbi), the redactor of the Mishnah, around 200 CE. Mishnah is the platform upon which both the Babylonian and the Jerusalem Talmuds were constructed. It can be said that Mishnah is the basis for the entire system of laws and customs of the Jewish people. Even after the completion of the Talmud, some 1,500 years ago, the Mishnah – that contains all the parts of the Oral Law – continued to serve as a basic text of study in all walks of Jewish society. To this day, the Mishnah is an inseparable part of Jewish lore. It is found in practically every domestic library and is being studied everywhere: in schools, synagogues, and private homes. Important commentaries on the Mishnah have been written throughout the generations. However, there is still a call for a new, eye-opening edition based on the same principles as Steinsaltz’s Talmud commentary: an edition that will enable every Jew to open the Mishnah and study it simply and with clarity while making it possible to widen one’s horizons in interpreting it.